For over 160 years Siemens has managed to be at the forefront of many technological changes that have taken place. With emphasis on technology from the very start, the company has managed to be one of the pack leaders, mindfully aware that it must constantly innovate and change in order to survive and prosper.
Siemens AG does business as a global technology company. It is a huge operation with around 343,000 employees and annual sales of more than $97 billion. Headquartered in Munich, Germany, the company was founded in October 12, 1847, by Werner von Siemens and Johanna Georg Halske.
The company engages in the electronics and electrical engineering business. Its Power and Gas Segment offers gas and steam turbines, generators, compressors, power plant solutions, and instrumentation and control systems for generating electricity, and producing and transporting oil and gas.
The company’s Wind Power and Renewables segment designs, manufactures, and installs wind turbines for onshore and offshore applications; and offer solutions for hydro power. Its Energy Management segment provides products, systems, solutions, software, and services for transmitting and distributing power, and developing grid infrastructure. The firm’s Building Technologies segment offers automation technologies and services for fire safety, security, building automation, heating, ventilation, air conditioning, and energy management.
Its Mobility segment offers passenger and freight transportation systems and solutions, including rail vehicles, rail automation systems, rail electrification systems, road traffic technology, IT solutions, and related services, as well as engages in consulting, planning, financing, constructing, servicing, and operation turnkey mobility systems. The Digital Factory segment of Siemens offers products and systems solutions for automation technologies and industrial controls.
The firm’s Process Industries and Drives segment provides products, systems, solutions, and services, including converters, gears, motors, drives, and couplings; and application-specific systems and solutions, as well as machine-to-machine communication products and sensors. Its Healthcare segment provides medical imaging, laboratory diagnostics, and IT solutions to the healthcare industry. Its Financial Services segment offers commercial finance, insurance, asset management, project and structured finance, leasing, venture capital, and treasury services.
Headquartered in Toronto Canada, the Royal Bank of Canada was founded in 1864 by J.W. Merkell, Edward Kenny, T.C. Kinnear, James B. Duffus, William Cunard, John Tobin, George P. Mitchell and Jeremiah Northup. The company they founded now has 78,000 employees with annual sales in excess of $38 billion a huge bank by any measure.
Royal Bank of Canada engages in the provision of diversified financial services. It operates through the following business segments: Personal and Commercial Banking, Wealth Management, Investor and Treasury Services, Capital Markets, and Insurance.
The Personal and Commercial Banking business segment involves in the personal banking operations and certain retail investment businesses as well as commercial and corporate banking operations. The Wealth Management business segment provides investment and wealth management solutions which provide asset management products and services through RBC distribution channels and third-party distributors.
The Investor and Treasury Services business segment provides the needs of institutional investing clients and as well as other services for clients to maximize liquidity and manage risk in multiple jurisdictions. The Capital Markets business segment provides clients with capital markets products and services. While the Insurance business segment offers life, health, property and casualty insurance products and other related services.
Norvartis International AG,it was formed from the 1996 merger of Swiss companies, Ciba-Geigy and Sandoz Laboratories. The companies had long histories. Ciba-Geigy was formed in 1970 by the merger of J.R. Geigy Ltd (founded in Basel in 1758) and CIBA (founded in Basel in 1859).
When the two companies merged the pharmaceutical and agrochemical divisions of both companies formed Novartis as an independent entity. Other Ciba-Geigy and Sandoz businesses were sold, or like Ciba Speciality Chemicals, spun off as independent companies. The Sandoz brand disappeared for 3 years. In 2003 it was revived when Novartis consolidated its generic drugs business into a single subsidiary and named it Sandoz. Novartis divested its agrochemical and genetically modified crops business in 2000 with the spinout of Syngenta in partnership with AstraZeneca, which also divested its agrochemical business.
Novartis AG, is a publicly traded Swiss holding company that operates through Novartis Group. Novartis owns directly, or indirectly all companies worldwide that operate as subsidiaries of the Novartis Group. Based in Basel, Switzerland, it was ranked number one in sales ($57.9 billion) among the worldwide industry in 2013. Novartis in July 2015, had a market-cap of approximately $280 billion making it the largest healthcare company by this parameter.
The business of Novartis is divided into three operating divisions: Pharmaceuticals, Alcon (eye care) and Sandoz (generics). Novartis operates directly and through dozens of subsidiaries in countries all over the world, each of which fall under one of the divisions, and that Novartis categorizes as fulfilling one or more of the following functions: “Holding/Finance: the entity is a holding company and/or performs finance functions for the Group; Sales: the entity performs sales and marketing activities for the Group; Production: the entity performs manufacturing and/or production activities for the Group; and Research; the entity performs research and development activities by the Group.
Novartis registered revenue of $53.63 billion in 2013 with net income of $11.08 billion.
MetLife, Inc. was founded in 1863 and is headquartered in New York City. The company offers life insurance, annuities, employee benefits, and asset management products in the United States, Japan, Latin America, Asia, Europe, and the Middle East. It operates in six segments: Retail; Group, Voluntary & Worksite Benefits; Corporate Benefit Funding; Latin America; Asia; and Europe, the Middle East and Africa.
MetLife provides variable, universal, term and whole life products; individual disability income products; personal lines property and casualty insurance, including private passenger automobile, homeowners, and personal excess liability insurance; and variable and fixed annuities for asset accumulation and distribution needs, as well as mutual funds and other securities products.
The company also offers group insurance products, such as variable, universal, and term life products; dental, group short-and long-term disability, and accidental death and dismemberment coverage; and voluntary and worksite products consisting of personal lines and property and casualty insurance, as well as LTC, prepaid legal plans, and critical illness products.
In addition, MetLife offers annuity and investment products comprising guaranteed interest products and other stable value products, income annuities, and separate account contracts for the investment management of defined benefit and defined contribution plan assets as well as a host of other insurance and financial related products.
BHP Billiton came out of a merger between BHP and Billiton. These were two small mining companies founded in the mid-1880s.
Broken Hill Proprietary’s history started in a silver, lead and zinc mine in Broken Hill, Australia. BHP was incorporated in 1885 and engaged in the discovery, production, and marketing of iron ore, copper, oil and gas, diamonds, silver, lead, zinc, and a range of other natural resources. The firm was also a market leader in value-added flat steel products.
Billiton goes back to 1851 with a tin mine in a little known island in Indonesia, Billiton (Belitung) Island. The mining company became a global leader in the metals and mining sector and a major producer of aluminium and alumina, chrome and manganese ores and alloys, steaming coal, nickel and titanium minerals. Billiton also developed a substantial growing copper portfolio.
In 2001, the companies merged to form global powerhouse BHP Billiton and is headquartered in Melbourne, Australia.
Today, publicly listed BHP Billiton Ltd., engages in the exploration, development, production and processing of minerals, gas and oil. Its commodities include iron ore, metallurgical and energy coal, conventional and non-conventional oil and gas, copper, energy coal, aluminium, manganese, uranium, nickel and silver.
The company operates through five segments: Petroleum and Potash, Copper, Iron Ore, Coal and Aluminium, Manganese and Nickel.
The Petroleum and Potash segment includes exploration, development and production of oil and gas potash development. The Copper segment includes mining of copper, silver, lead, zinc, molybdenum, uranium and gold. The Iron Ore segment includes mining of iron ore. The Coal segment includes mining of metallurgical coal and thermal energy coal. The Aluminium, Manganese and Nickel segment includes mining of bauxite, refining of bauxite into alumina and smelting of alumina into aluminium metal, and also mining of manganese ore and production of manganese metal, alloys and nickel products.
BHP Billiton generates annual sales of over $63 billion and has around 47,044 employees.
Goldman Sachs Group, Inc. was founded over a hundred and forty years ago by Marcus Goldman in 1896. The company is headquartered in New York City. With annual revenues of over $40 billion is easily one of the world’s largest public companies. Its market capitalization as May 2015 stood at $86.5 billion.
Goldman Sachs is a global investment banking, securities and investment management firm that provides a wide range of financial services to a substantial and diversified client base that includes corporations, financial institutions, governments and high-net-worth individuals. The company runs its businesses through four segments: Investment Banking, Institutional Client Services, Investing & Lending and Investment Management.
The Investment Banking segment provides a broad range of investment banking services to a diverse group of corporations, financial institutions, investment funds and governments. The Institutional Client Services segment facilitates client transactions and makes market in fixed income, equity, currency and commodity products. The Investing & Lending segment activities, which are typically longer-term, including the firm’s investing and relationship lending activities across various asset classes, primarily debt securities and loans, public and private equity securities, and real estate. The Investment Management segment provides investment management services and offer investment products across all major asset classes to a diverse set of institutional and individual clients.
Pfizer, Inc. was founded in 1849, in New York City by cousins Charles Pfizer and Charles F. Erhart. It began as a manufacturer of fine chemicals. In 1950 it discovered Terramycin which set it in the direction to becoming a research-based pharmaceutical company.
Organic growth was not the only way the company became a multinational pharmaceutical, it also engaged in acquisitions including very large ones. It acquired Warner-Lambert in 2000, Pharmacia in 2003, and in 2009 it acquired Wyeth for a whopping $68 billion in cash, shares and loan. It cemented Pfizer’s position as the largest pharmaceutical company in the world when the deal was done. It’s not over Pfizer, Inc. is expected to merge with Allergan plc, in 2016, in a deal worth $160 billion to create the Ireland-based “Pfizer plc”.
Headquartered in New York City, the company is listed on the New York Stock Exchange, and its shares have been a component of the Dow Jones Industrial Average since 2004. Its research headquarters is in Groton, Connecticut.
The research-based global biopharmaceutical company’s global portfolio includes medicines and vaccines, as well as many of the world’s best-know consumer healthcare products. It collaborates with healthcare providers, governments and local communities to support and expand access to reliable, affordable healthcare around the world.
Pfizer operates through four operating segments: Primary Care, Speciality Care and Oncology, Established Products & Emerging Markets, and Consumer Healthcare.
The Primary Care segment includes products in therapeutic and disease areas: Alzheimer’s disease, cardiovascular, erectile dysfunction, genitourinary, major depressive disorder, pain, respiratory and smoking cessation. The Speciality Care and Oncology segment comprises the Speciality Care business unit and the Oncology business unit.
The Established Products & Emerging Markets segment comprise the Established Products business unit and the Emerging Markets business unit.
The Consumer Healthcare segment includes non-prescriptive products in the following therapeutic categories: dietary supplements, pain management, respiratory and personal care.
In 2014, Pfizer had annual revenue of $49.6 billion and net income of $9.1 billion with around 78,000 employees.